戊戌年诺贝尔和平奖揭锅

2018-10-05 11:00:17 来源:北欧时报

记者现场等待发布消息


本报快讯)出乎意料,美国总统川普、韩国总统文在寅和八零后朝鲜首脑金正恩没有获奖。

2018年诺贝尔和平奖揭锅,该奖项由刚果民主共和国妇科医生穆克维格(Denis Mukwege)和伊拉克少数族裔雅茲迪人娜迪雅(Nadia Murad)获得。


穆克维格


娜迪雅


挪威奥斯陆今天上午11点(北京时间下午5点)公布诺贝尔和平奖,得奖者是穆克维格和娜迪雅。两人在终止性暴力成为战争和武装冲突武器方面的努力受委员的肯定。


据马路消息,本届和平奖共有331位个人或组织获得提名,其中包括216人、115个组织。这届和平奖是继2016年后,最多个人和组织入围的一届。尽管候选人名单如同以往是个秘密,各界仍热衷於猜测得主身份。


其中美国总统特朗普、韩国总统文在寅和朝鲜领袖金正恩皆近来致力朝鲜半岛的和平,未能获颁是一大遗憾。


新译科技机器人详细文本:

Announcement


The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2018 to Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad for their efforts to end the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict. Both laureates have made a crucial contribution to focusing attention on, and combating, such war crimes. Denis Mukwege is the helper who has devoted his life to defending these victims. Nadia Murad is the witness who tells of the abuses perpetrated against herself and others. Each of them in their own way has helped to give greater visibility to war-time sexual violence, so that the perpetrators can be held accountable for their actions.


The physician Denis Mukwege has spent large parts of his adult life helping the victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Since the Panzi Hospital was established in Bukavu in 2008, Dr. Mukwege and his staff have treated thousands of patients who have fallen victim to such assaults. Most of the abuses have been committed in the context of a long-lasting civil war that has cost the lives of more than six million Congolese. 


Denis Mukwege is the foremost, most unifying symbol, both nationally and internationally, of the struggle to end sexual violence in war and armed conflicts. His basic principle is that justice is everyones business. Men and women, officers and soldiers, and local, national and international authorities alike all have a shared responsibility for reporting, and combating, this type of war crime. The importance of Dr. Mukweges enduring, dedicated and selfless efforts in this field cannot be overstated. He has repeatedly condemned impunity for mass rape and criticised the Congolese government and other countries for not doing enough to stop the use of sexual violence against women as a strategy and weapon of war. 


Nadia Murad is herself a victim of war crimes. She refused to accept the social codes that require women to remain silent and ashamed of the abuses to which they have been subjected. She has shown uncommon courage in recounting her own sufferings and speaking up on behalf of other victims. 


Nadia Murad is a member of the Yazidi minority in northern Iraq, where she lived with her family in the remote village of Kocho. In August 2014 the Islamic State (IS) launched a brutal, systematic attack on the villages of the Sinjar district, aimed at exterminating the Yazidi population. In Nadia Murads village, several hundred people were massacred. The younger women, including underage children, were abducted and held as sex slaves. While a captive of the IS, Nadia Murad was repeatedly subjected to rape and other abuses. Her assaulters threatened to execute her if she did not convert to their hateful, inhuman version of Islam. 


Nadia Murad is just one of an estimated 3 000 Yazidi girls and women who were victims of rape and other abuses by the IS army. The abuses were systematic, and part of a military strategy. Thus they served as a weapon in the fight against Yazidis and other religious minorities. 


After a three-month nightmare Nadia Murad managed to flee. Following her escape, she chose to speak openly about what she had suffered. In 2016, at the age of just 23, she was named the UNs first Goodwill Ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking. 


This year marks a decade since the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1820 (2008), which determined that the use of sexual violence as a weapon of war and armed conflict constitutes both a war crime and a threat to international peace and security. This is also set out in the Rome Statute of 1998, which governs the work of the International Criminal Court. The Statute establishes that sexual violence in war and armed conflict is a grave violation of international law. A more peaceful world can only be achieved if women and their fundamental rights and security are recognised and protected in war. 


This years Nobel Peace Prize is firmly embedded in the criteria spelled out in Alfred Nobels will. Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad have both put their personal security at risk by courageously combating war crimes and seeking justice for the victims. They have thereby promoted the fraternity of nations through the application of principles of international law.